Episode 5 People & the Land of the Pacific Northwest



Pacific Northwest describes the region including the Northwestern most states in the continental United States. Some definitions also include the southern portion of Vancouver British Columbia.

The Standing People as described by storyteller Delbert Miller are the trees.

Oregon Territory was a historic area that included what are now the states of Washington, Oregon, Idaho, parts of Montana and Wyoming as well as part of the Canadian territory of British Columbia.

Medicine Creek Treaty was a document signed along the banks of She-nah-nam or Medicine Creek in 1854 which allowed the United States government as represented by WA Territorial Governor Isaac Stevens to assume ownership of the lands of the “tribes and bands of Indians, occupying the lands lying round the head of Puget's Sound and the adjacent inlets” (WA Governor’s Office of Indian Affairs)

Federally Recognized Tribe are recognized by the United States as sovereign nations (independent governments.) This status also provides access to benefits, services, and protections from the Federal Government and funding and services from the Bureau of Indian Affairs.

Non-Federally Recognized Tribe are native nations not yet recognized by the Federal Government and thus currently ineligible for Federal recognition of tribal sovereignty and funds and benefits related to that recognition.

Alien land laws denied people living in the United States without citizenship the right to own land.

Second World War, which took place between 1939 and 1945, was global war in which most of the countries of the world participated.

Japanese Incarceration during the Second World War the United States government held in incarceration camps 120,000 people of Japanese ancestry.

Urban heat island is the phenomenon where places in cities with brick, concrete and pavement are hotter than other areas in cities that have trees.

Spanning describes the process where salmon that have been growing up at sea return to coastal rivers to lay their eggs in the place where they were born just they die.

Orcas are the largest living members of the dolphin family. On group of orcas the Southern Resident Orcas live only in the Salish Sea.

Permaculture is a combination of the words permanent and agriculture. It is a way of living that seeks to find small scale, local solutions to reduce the impacts of the human footprint on the earth.

Food forest a permaculture garden where trees, shrubs, vines and other perennial foods are planted in layers that mimic a native forest. This design style maximizes the productivity of a small space and allows plants to share the benefits of their functions, like shade or mulch, with other plants.



For Teachers:

Lakewold Episode 5 Curriculum Standards

The Nature Gap - Center for American Progress

Official death toll from heat wave at 78 in Washington – and it's expected to rise | KNKX Public Radio

Climate Change Implications for the Quileute and Hoh Tribes | Native Case Studies (evergreen.edu)

Educators Guide | RESISTERS.COM: Japanese American Resistance to Wartime Incarceration

Recommended Reading for Teachers, Families & Mixed Age Learning Communities

Nutrient Cycling/Ecosystems

The Fish in the Forest by Dale Stokes and Doc White

Incarceration of Japanese Americans

WE HEREBY REFUSE: Japanese American Resistance to Wartime Incarceration by Frank Abe, Tamiko Nimura, and Ross Ishikawa

Repairing our Planet

Now is the Time for Trees by Dan Lambe of the Arbor Day Foundation with Lorene Edwards Forkner

Practical Permaculture: for Home Landscapes, Your Community and the Whole Earth by Jessi Bloom and Dave Boehnlein

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Episode 1

Pacific Northwest Forests


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Weather and Climate


Episode 3

Development & Native Habitat


Episode 4

Adapting Landscapes to a Changing Climate

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